Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
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Aesculus hippocastanum is a large deciduous tree, commonly known as horse chestnut or conker tree. It is widely cultivated in streets and parks throughout the temperate world. In Britain and Ireland the nuts are used for the popular children's game conkers. Despite its name, the plant is poisonous to horses, and the nuts are also slightly poisonous to humans. In the past, horse chestnut was used for whitening hemp, flax, silk or wool, while its soapy juice was used for washing linen. Horse chestnut is a favourite subject for bonsai.
The seed extract is used for its venotonic effect, vascular protection, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging properties. It is an efficient and short-term treatment for Chronic Venous Insuffiency (CVI).
The seeds contain saponin, tannins, flavonoid-glycosides, starch, and other active ingredients.
Horse chestnut soothes varicose veins and fights oedema and swelling. For the best result, use it regularly on problematic areas, e.g. legs, thighs. Horse chestnut can also be found in sunscreens.