Plantain (Plantago major L.)

Greater plantain is an undemanding perennial medicinal plant that tolerates hardened soil and grows even along roads, on the sides of ditches, and in wheel tracks. Greater plantains are not cultivated, thus their leaves are collected in their natural habitats from May until September.
Plantains have been known for centuries because of their medicinal effect. In his work Herbarium (1578), Melius described several internal and external uses of the leaves, roots, and the pressed juice of plantain; just to cite a few of its uses, here are some examples: It cures your mouth and your throat, if you use its water to wash them Cures wounds caused by wolves, rotten boils, warts, and burning abscesses When water or juice of plantain is mixed with houseleek, it cures burning, contagious erysipelas.


Plantain, which has anti-inflammatory and mildly antibacterial effects, is used in wound healing ointments and haemorrhoid gels. Tea made from plantain is also used to treat inflammations of the oral cavity and coughs. Research has shown that it has the effect of stimulating the immune system and preventing tumours as well.


Greater plantain is used by the cosmetics industry as a tightening agent. Thanks to its active ingredients, it may be used beneficently in cosmetic products for both normal and sensitive skin. The aucubin content of plantain ensures its wound healing and regenerating effects, while thanks to its mucilage and tannin content it has hydrating and pore tightening effects.


Leaves (Plantaginis lanceolatae folium, Plantaginis majoris folium):
- Iridoids (aucubin)
- Polyphenols
- Mucilage
- Vitamin C
- Tannins: 4%
- Citric acid
- Enzymes (invertase, emulsin)