Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.)

In the land of their origin, that is, in the tropical parts of America, tomatoes are a perennial species, whereas in Europe they are annual plants, cultivated for many uses. The Spanish brought tomatoes to Europe in the 16th century, where at first they spread in Spain, Portugal, France, and Italy. Initially they were kept as ornamental plants and were very slow to spread as garden vegetables.
The weight of the berry fruits of tomatoes varies between 20-300 g, their shape may be flattened, round, or elongated to a varying extent. Fruits are red, purplish, or yellow, but even tomato varieties with green-yellow berries may be bought.


In folk medicine, bathing water for the treatment of arthritis was prepared from dried tomato sprouts with leaves. Its sliced berries were used to bring abscesses to a head. Raw, ripe tomatoes also play an important role in a healthy, balanced diet, because of their high mineral and vitamin content. They help digestion, stimulate the functioning of the immune system, and have the effect of preventing tumours from developing due to their antioxidant and lycopene content. Their folic acid content is considerable, therefore expectant mothers are also advised to consume tomatoes.


Every part of tomatoes is used by the cosmetics industry because of their beneficent ingredients. Thus extract made from entire plants, including their fruits, is used as a skin conditioning and tightening substance, pressed tomato juice serves as a skin conditioning substance, and the fatty oil found in tomato seed plays the role of softener in cosmetic products. Tomatoes hydrate and nourish skin, their lycopene and vitamin E content regenerates skin exposed to the harmful effects of the sun and drying wind.


Proteins: 1,0 g/100g
Fat: 0,2 g/100g
Carbohydrates: 4,0 g/100g
Fibre: 1,73 g/100g
Oxalic acid: 5 mg/100g
Minerals (mg/100g)
- Phosphorus: 30
- Calcium: 9
- Potassium: 240
- Magnesium: 7
Vitamins (mg/100g)
- Niacin: 0,5
- E: 0,5
- Carotene (lycopene): 0,8
- C: 25
Vitamins (g/100g)
- B1: 100
- B2: 60
- Folic acid: 37
- Biotin: 2,4